History of Tobacco


Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), Italian navigator in the service of Spain, introduced the world to tobacco during his first trip to America in 1492 year, looking for a new way to Asia, landing on the island of Guanahani (San Salvador) in the Caribbean Sea (10.12.1492.) where the natives gave him tobacco leaves, which the crew agreed to bunch around the mast. A few days later he landed in Cuba and I understood what you saw blades are used which are worn by indigenous burning coal and from the same roll of the leaves.


During the second trip (1493-1496.godine), which included Dominica, Guandelonpe, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Haiti and Cuba, a priest from his company (Ramon Pane) reported a habit of smoking tobacco in his travelogue "De insularum ritibus".


Bishop Las Casas who was in America (1502-1510.godine) writes about a burning coil at the hands of the original inhabitants of America, for which he had a ritual, religious and medical significance.


According to Maya mythology, the gods were heavy smokers, and cigarette butts combustible hurled from heaven, forming stars and meteors.


Tlaloc, god of rain Aztec Indian tribes, according to mythology, used tobacco. Clouds are represented in tobacco smoke are deposited by rain before they dispersed the smoke in the sky.


First abusers outside the U.S., they were sailors and longshoremen, and then expanding tobacco in all strata of society. In the beginning was an ornamental and medicinal plant, and later a means of enjoyment. French ambassador to the Portuguese court of Jean Nicot Villemann the 1560th he sent minced tobacco leaves French Queen Catherine de Medici as a cure for her migraines, after which the tobacco began to spread through Europe, and by Nicot kinda gets its name. In mid-seventeenth century, spread all over the world, and enjoy it people around the globe, regardless of gender, race, religious affiliation and social status, and the fact that through history has been banned for religious, ethical, medical, environmental and other reasons.


The tobacco industry is a lawful activity that full budgets of all national economies, and tobacco, with good reason called the Herb fiscalae. French minister, Cardinal Richelieu, and the English King Charles I was first introduced taxes on tobacco products.


In Bosnia and Herzegovina began to grow tobacco in the first half of the seventeenth century, coming in through the Venetian Herzegovina and the Dubrovnik Republic. There are several assumptions that tobacco came to Bosnia and Herzegovina and has spread to Bosnia. One theory came through Venice and Dalmatia, on the other, he was brought sailors who sailed the ships of the Dubrovnik Republic. In the archives of Dubrovnik was reported that the 1676th The tobacco trade began between the Republic of Dubrovnik and susjeda.U Turkish period was of secondary importance to the peasants and the state of domestic demand and trade. Turkey introduces monopoly 1875th year but without much effect because of the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina by Austria-Hungary 1878, which already 1879th in Banja Luka, and the 1892nd years in Travnik (ceased operations after the Second World War). To 1901. Tobacco production falls only thirties begins her recovery. Monopoly regulations were more stringent than the Austro-Hungarian rule, the owner of tobacco was the state, there was no "pušilule. Not a single leaf of tobacco is not allowed to dispose of, a Finance man could be punished if he had a cigarette case with tobacco, which is not purchased in a state store. Nevertheless, smuggling is flourishing.


After the Second World War, in addition to annual fluctuations, the production of tobacco increased by the end of the seventies (it was a record 1976th year from 14 800 tons). Now the BH produces 3500-4000 tonnes of Flue Cured Tobacco types Virginia, Burley and Herzegovinian Plateau.